By Lisa White, PHIUS Certification Manager
The PHIUS Certification Staff and PHIUS Technical Committee have been hard at work collaborating with the Fraunhofer Institute for Building Physics (IBP) to upgrade WUFI® Passive. And now, I’m happy to report that the Fraunhofer IBP has released WUFI Passive version 3.2!
This upgrade comes with many improvements, including full support of PHIUS+ 2018 modeling protocols and performance requirements. WUFI Passive is the only accepted modeling tool for PHIUS+ 2018 certification. Below is a summary of updates. Refer to the PHIUS+ Certification Guidebook v2.0, Section 6 for further details.
PHIUS+ 2018 Compliance Updates
PHIUS+ 2018 Criteria Calculator:
Space conditioning targets for a project can be calculated externally using PHIUS+ 2018 Space Conditioning Calculator or calculated within the software when PHIUS+ climate data, HDD65, CDD50, and marginal electricity price in $/kWh are input.
Source Energy Factors:
The source energy factors for electricity were updated, which dropped from 3.16 to 2.8 for the US, and to 1.96 for Canada.
Source Energy Targets:
The residential and non-residential source energy targets have been updated for PHIUS+ 2018. Source energy allowances for process loads in non-residential buildings can also be included in the reported target to verify compliance. See more on ‘Process Load Accounting’ below.
The air-tightness limit under PHIUS+ 2018 has been updated to 0.060 cfm50/ft2 for most buildings. For buildings 5+ stories of ‘Non-Combustible Materials’, there is now an adjusted target reported at 0.080 cfm50/ft2.
Renewable Energy Systems:
New options are included for modeling off-site renewable energy. The options are built in with the appropriate utilization factors according to PHIUS+ 2018 protocols.
DHW Calculation Methods:
PHIUS+ 2018 implements a new calculation method for hot water energy use of appliances, hot water distribution, and drain water heat recovery. See more under Technical Updates.
Shading Calculation from Visualized Geometry:
WUFI Passive now harnesses capabilities of WUFIplus’ dynamic shading calculation to determine monthly shading factors based on the 3D visualized geometry. This includes shading from the building itself as well as any other surrounding structures that shade the building.
This calculation only takes a few seconds and greatly reduces the need for numerical shading inputs — speeding up the entire modeling process.
Reveal Shading visualized:
Due to the new shading method described above, reveal or “in-set” shading for windows is now visualized in the 3D geometry when entered numerically.
Overhangs include ‘side spacing’:
Sometimes overhang depth and position are still in design and it’s easier if they aren’t included in the imported 3D geometry. They can still be input numerically. There is now the option to numerically enter an overhang that spans horizontally wider than the window width or is continuous across a façade.
Removed shading landscape obstructions:
Due to the new dynamic shading method, horizontal/landscape obstruction entries have been removed. These may now be visualized in the 3D geometry instead.Accounting for these numerically with the new shading method is a work in progress and will be updated in the future.
Dishwashers, Clothes Washers, Clothes Dryers:
Annual energy consumption and hot water consumption for clothes washers, dishwashers, and dryers now follows ANSI/RESNET 301-2014 protocol, and the required inputs align directly with Energy Star ratings.
New Calculation Method for DHW Distribution:
New and improved methodology for designing and modeling DHW distribution has been implemented. The new method accounts for insulation on non-recirculating pipes, low flow fixtures, can more appropriately estimate hot water distribution losses from on-demand recirculation systems, and includes a tool to aid in the design of a DHW distribution network that will pass the on-site EPA WaterSense delivery test.
Drain Water Heat Recovery:
Drain water heat recovery can be an effective strategy in saving water heating energy by pre-heating incoming water with waste heat from shower drains, etc. A new mechanical system ‘device’ was added to support the calculation of drain water heat recovery when present
Process Load Accounting in Non-Residential Buildings:
A new tab under Internal Loads has been included to account for process loads. This allows for designating loads in the model as process loads. There is then the reporting option to include/remove them within the site & source energy results, and the option to increase the source energy allowance to include that load.
*Note: All process load allowances must be approved by PHIUS.
Modeling ‘Undefined’ or ‘White Box’ spaces:
A new non-residential occupancy mode was implemented to support modeling of Undefined spaces, i.e. in mixed-use buildings when a tenant is not yet determined. This simplifies one of PHIUS’ paths to certifying a mixed-use building.
New Report: Site Energy Monthly Report
In addition to the existing results reports, a new report has been added to support comparison vs monthly utility bills. Previously in version 3.1.1, total annual Site and Source Energy use reports were available. This new report breaks the annual energy use into monthly estimates for both electricity and gas.
Updated Tool Tips:
The hover-over hints have been updated to align with PHIUS+ 2018 protocol. Activate them under Options>Usability>Tool Tip.
Case Name in footer of Reports:
In results reports, the project/case name was previously only shown on page 1. Now, you can activate the case name to be included in the footer of each page of the report. Activate under Options>Usability> Show project/case in footnote.
How to Update
Users of the professional version WUFI Passive 3.1 can download the update free of charge. Please log in to your account at the WUFI Web shop, there you can find the update link in the “My Orders” menu.
Free Tutorials: If you’re a beginner in WUFI Passive, utilize these free bite-size tutorials to guide you through your first model — http://www.phius.org/phius-certification-for-buildings-products/wufi-passive-tutorials
New capabilities in v3.1:
New Heat Pump Device Types:
Two new devices have been added that follow PHIUS’ heat pump protocol. One for a Heat Pump Water Heater (with indoor compressor), and one that utilizes multiple heating COP ratings based on ambient conditions.
This is an auto-save feature that allows the user to define how often they want a file to auto-save, and how many ‘total’ files are saved (older versions from the same session drop off). Activate under Options>Usability.
Fraunhofer IBP implemented a comment box which allows users to add a unique comment to each input screen in the software. It can be used to remind yourself of a potential assumption that was made for an entry or use it as a log for model updates due to a change in design. If you’re submitting the project for PHIUS+ Certification, you can provide explanation for entries right in the software (though the feedback form is still the primary communication channel).
F1 for help files:
Before version 3.1, the WUFI Passive manual was a document external to WUFI Passive. The help files have been expanded and are integrated directly into the user interface! This feature can be accessed for any user input screen at any time using ‘F1’. There is an abundance of guidance here – take advantage of it, especially if you’re a first-time user.
Assign Data Button:
Along the top of the screen, an [Assign Data] button allows you to assign an entry (window type, shading entries, etc.) to multiple components at once. Huge time saver.
Export into XML File/Import from XML File:
User defined entries in your databases can be exported to an XML file and then can be shared with colleagues and (WUFI-friendly) friends. This includes all assemblies, materials, windows, HVAC devices, climates, etc. that have been created. Go to ‘Database>Export to XML’, and then select all items that you would like to be saved as an external XML file. If you receive an XML file, go to ‘Database > Import from XML’.